Preparedness and Response Planning

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Please contact Michelle Willette at

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

With the incursion of highly pathogenic avian influenza in free-ranging waterfowl into North America in 2014-2015, the Clinical Wildlife Health Initiative has become involved in emergency preparedness and response outreach and policy for individuals, organizations, and regulators involved in the managed captive wildlife community. Many infectious diseases can be transmitted from wild animals to agricultural animals and humans. It is incumbent upon each managed captive wildlife facility to assure regulators that the facility and its operations do not pose a threat to public health or animal agriculture. This is accomplished by working with local regulators and other stakeholders to develop infectious disease policies and management plans appropriate to each facility to protect staff, volunteers, animal agriculture, wild animals, and the environment.

Prepare, Respond, Recover

Many resources are available for the development of emergency and disaster protocols. While templates and shared resources are helpful, each facility is unique in terms of needs and available resources. Each facility should develop its own robust and realistic plans to prepare for, respond to, and recover from an emergency or disaster.



  • Biosecurity and Zoonotic Diseases
    • Morishita, T. Y., Greenacre, C. B. and Souza, M. (2015) Biosecurity and Zoonotic Diseases, in Backyard Poultry Medicine and Surgery (eds C. B. Greenacre and T. Y. Morishita), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
  • Center for Food Security and Public Health Emergency Response
  • U.S. Department of Agriculture Training Modules for Accreditation Renewal
    • See Module 4 – Preventing Disease Introduction and Spread
  • Veterinary Standard Precautions Compendium and Model Infection Control Plan for Veterinary Practices
  • Biosecurity and Disease Control for Wildlife Rehabilitation Facilities - John R. Huckabee, DVM
  • Biosecurity for Patients and Humans at Wildlife Rehabilitation Clinics - Leslie Martin, DVM
  • Principles of Biosecurity - Patrice N. Klein, MS, VMD, DACPV, DACPVM
  • Biosecurity for HPAI Response at Zoological Facilities

Preparedness and Response